This article will give you all of the info you need on the Japanese word iku, including its Japanese definition and translation, usage, example sentences, and more!
What does iku mean?
The Japanese word iku (行く、いく) is a verb that means to go. The polite form you would use at work or with strangers is ikimasu (行きます). Iku is a really important word to master if you want to speak Japanese so hopefully this article will help you!
Some of you have probably heard this word in certain contexts, so let me just briefly explain that iku can sometimes mean to orgasm or to come (related: kimochi).
Below, we take a look at some examples of the various ways you can use iku in Japanese.
To make it easier for you, I have written each sentence in full Japanese kanji on the first line, followed by roman letters (romaji), and hiragana, with the English meaning coming last. I have also highlighted the new word in bold.
Example sentences using iku
Ashita ni tomodachi no ie ni iku.
I will go to my friend’s house tomorrow.
Watashi wa kouen ni iku.
I go to the park.
Nani shiteru no?
What are you doing?
Ima kara gakkou ni iku yo.
I’m going to school now.
Mou iku yo. Hayaku shite.
We’re going now. Hurry up.
Kyou wa byouin ni ikimasu.
I am going to the hospital today.
Ikanai = not go
The negative form of iku is ikanai (行かない、いかない), which means not go or I don’t go. The polite form is ikimasen (行きません、いきません).
Ame dattara ikanai kamo.
I might not go if it rains (casual*).
*Kamo is the shortened version of kamoshirenai (= might or maybe).
Kyou wa kaisha ni ikanai.
I’m not going to work today (lit: company)
Gomen na sai. Nomikai wa ikimasen.
Sorry. I won’t be going to the drinking party.
Iku or kuru?
Like in English, iku generally means going to somewhere different from where you are now. The verb kuru (来る、くる), on the other hand, means to come. You normally use this when someone is coming to where you are (or will be).
Therefore, you would use iku when going to a friend’s house but kuru if they are coming to you. This is not a precise rule. There are always exceptions when it comes to language, but this is a good yardstick for deciding whether to use iku or kuru.
Paateii ni kuru nara oshiete.
Let me know if you’re coming to the party.
Ashita, nanji ni kuru no?
What time will you come tomorrow?
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